In 1856, the territorial boundaries were at the continental divide. Nebraska was on the eastern slope and Oregon on the western, at least down to the 42nd Parallel North, the present-day northern boundary of California, Nevada, and Utah. And in 1856, Utah Territory went east to the continental divide to include what is now southwestern Wyoming. Still, there's some satisfaction in beginning Wyoming at Fort Laramie and on west to Yellow Creek at the Needles before Cache Cave and Echo Canyon in Utah. Ft. Laramie works, because it was there. And Yellow Creek because, well, that's another family story.
The camp did not travell any to day[.] We were busey with the hand carts[.] At 6 P.M. We had a sacramental & saints meeting[.] a good time of it (Galloway OTD).
At half past 7 A.M. the camp rolled out & travelled 19 miles[.] for 6 or 7 miles the road was rather sandy. at ¼ to 5 P.M. we camped not far from the Platte[.] good feed[.] plenty of wood. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out 20 past 7 A.M. & travelled 17 miles. for about 14 miles the road was very sandy heavey drawing[.] Forded the Platte opposite to Lar[a]mie. Camped at 35 past 5 P.M. on the side of the Platte 4 miles from Larmie[.] good feed[.] Plenty of Wood. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out ¼ past 7 A.M. and travelled 21 miles. the roads good with the exception of about 4 miles rather rough and rocky. at ¼ to 5 P.M. we camped at Bitter Cottonwood[.] Wood & Water plenty[.] feed scarce. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out this morning at 30 past 8 A.M. and travelled 15 miles[.] 8 miles from Bitter cotton Wood creek to the Platte[.] 3 from that to a good spring and pretty good feed in the right side of the road[.] 4 from that To Horse Shoe Creek. good feed[.] plenty of Wood & Water. camped about 30 past 4 P.M. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 15 past 7 A.M. and travelled 25 miles[.] the road was pretty good. 16 miles to the Platte when we took dinner. Travelled 2 miles and forded the Platte. camped about 30 past 6 P.M. on the Platte[.] plenty of Wood[.] feed pretty fair. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 25 past 7 A.M. and travelled 19 miles[.] the road pretty fair[.] forded the Platte again[.] Travelled about 6 miles and camped by the side of a creek[.] plenty of Wood. Water & feed[.] We passed two emigrants from California[.] by them we were informed that 5 Wagons were waiting on us at Deer Creek[.] camped about 30 past 6 P.M. (Ham OTD).
We remained at Deer Creek to day to rest ourselves & the cattle. Bussey repairing the hand carts. Killed a cow[.] had a good meeting at night addressed by Bro Ellsworth & the brethren from the valley. We spent a first rate day of it. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at a quarter to 7 A.M. & travelled 20 miles. the road tolerable good but very dusty owing to a heavey wind. campe[d] beside the Platte. plenty of Wood. feed scarce[.] crossed a creek 11 miles from where we started. Walter Sanders [died] Last night. Burried this morning about 300 yds from the south side of the road, age 65. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled this morning at 30 Past 8 A.M. & travelled 11 miles. it was very heavey pulling owing to the dust and a heavey wind. crossed the Platte 1½ below the upper crossings[.] a good place to ford. camped by the side of the Platte at 30 past 4 P.M. plenty wood. feed middling. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out this morning and travelled 26 miles. the roads were very good for travelling. had dinner by the side of Mineral
We remained in camp today owing to the inclement state of the weather[.] it rained & snowed alternatley for the whole of the day that we could not cook hardly anything. (Galloway OTD).
About 4 A.M. this morning the weather became more settled but we found to our sorrow that 24 head of our cattle were missing owing to the negligence of Robert Sheen & James Sheenn Jun. who were on guard. we had to remain in camp again to day as the cattle were not found till about 3 P.M. (Galloway OTD).
|The Sweetwater River northeast of Independence Rock, Wyoming.|
This morning George Neappris was burried in a sand ridge direct[l]y East of three Rocky Mounds 27 miles from the crossings in the bend of the North side of the River.
|Devil's Gate, Wyoming, from the west.|
The camp rolled out at 30 past 7 A.M. and travelled 16 miles. The roads continued rather rough with a heavey head wind[.] camped at 6 P.M. beside Sweet Water[.] an excellent camp ground. Killed a cow. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 40 past 7 A.M. and travelled 18 miles. The roads tolerable good to Sweet Water crossing. After that it was sandy for 7 miles. camped at 6 P.M. on Sweet Water[.] a very indifferent camping ground. poor feed. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 40 past 7 A.M. and travelled 19 miles[.] the first part of the journey the roads pretty good[.] No Water for 12 miles[.] you will then come to a good stream of Water and good feed[.] take the left hand road[.] Travelled 8 miles to a creek[.] a poor camping ground. middling feed[.] camped at six P.M. about 11 P.M. Bro McCarthur's [McArthur's] Company came up[.] they had travelled nearly night and day to overtake us. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 45 past 7 A.M. and travelled 12 miles. the greatest part of the road very hilly & rough[.] a good spring of Water about 6 miles from where we started this morning[.] camped at 45 past 1 P.M. good camping ground[.] feed pretty fair. plenty of good spring Water about 200 yds from the road right side. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 40 past 7 A.M. & travelled 28 miles[.] The [road] was very good. We took the cutt off 6 miles from where we started[.] there is good creek of Water and pretty good feed about 200 yds from where the road crosses the creek. 9 miles farther on there is another good creek and feed[.] it is nott far from the head of sweet water[.] camped at 9 P.M. at the Pacific Springs. here we came up with the main body of Capt. Banks company. they had 10 days clear start of us from Florence[.] Mary Mayo Died of Diarrhea age 65[.] buried close to the bigg Mountain Left hand side of the road (Galloway OTD).
|From the Seminoe Cutoff. South Pass is just to the right of the peaks on the left. On the right are the Oregon Buttes.|
|South Pass, darker segment of horizon on the left, from the southwest. Pacific Butte on the right. Pacific Springs is the green lowland, center-right, below Pacific Butte.|
The camp rolled at 9 A.M. and travelled 3 miles where there was plenty of feed for the cattle. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled at 7 A.M. and travelled 26 miles. a creek of water 12 miles from where we started[.] allso feed. here we rested two hours. 16 miles we camped at Little sandy. we got plenty of water by digging for it. plenty of wood and pretty good feed. campe[d] at 9 P.M. very good roads. (Galloway OTD).
|Little Sandy Crossing|
The camp rolled out at 30 past 8 A.M. and travelled 23 miles. good roads[.] crossed a splended creek of water 5 miles from Little Sandy. camped on the banks of bigg Sandy at 7 P.M. plenty of wood on the opposite side of the River[.] poor feed for cattle. (Galloway OTD).
James Birch age 28 Died this morning of Diarrhea. burried on the top of sand ridge East side of Sandy.
|Pilot Butte south of Big Sandy (in the canyon). Landmark can be seen from before Big Sandy crossing to some distance beyond Green River Crossing.|
At 8 P.[A]M. the camp rolled & travelled 22 [miles.] good roads. camp[ed] on Ham's Fork at 7 P.M. good feed for Cattle & Wood. (Galloway OTD).
|Ham's Fork at Granger, Wyoming.|
|Hill west of Green River crossing where the pioneers likely met the missionaries.|
The camp rolled out at 30 past 9 A.M. & travelled 23 miles[.] the roads good[.] a poor place for feed. camped at 9 P.M. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 45 past 6 A.M. & travelled 9 miles to Bridger. the road rather rough & Rocky. camped at Bridger for the day at 15 past 10 A.M. Killed a first rate fat ox; Shoed sevirall of the oxen.
At 7 A.M. the camp rolled and travelled 22 miles. the roads were good[.] crossed severall creeks. passed a sulphur & Soda spring. camped at 6 P.M. plenty of Wood & feed but no Water. (Galloway OTD).
The camp rolled out at 30 past 5 A.M. & travelled 23 miles. had breakfast 6 miles from where we started. About 3 P. [M]. Met with Brigham & Helen's son[.] they were glad to see us. about half past 5 we were taken in a thunder storm and travelled an hour and a half in it. Camped at 6 P.M. plenty of Water & feed. Wood rather scarce.